Roles and Activities > Analyst Role Set > Business Designer > Find Business Workers and Entities

  • To identify all "roles" and "things" in the business.
  • To describe how the business use-case realizations are performed by business workers and business entities.
Input Artifacts: Resulting Artifacts:
Role: Business Designer
Work Guidelines:
Tool Mentors:

Workflow Details:

Identify Organization Units To top of page

Identify and briefly describe each organization unit within the business being modeled.

Discuss and make sure you agree on which organization units should be included in your model, if any. Some organization units may very well be of limited interest to describe in any detail from the perspective of the targeted system. On the other hand, they may provide important input or receive output, in which case they should be modeled as business actors; this means they are external to the business being modeled

For more information on organization units, see Guidelines: Organization Unit.

Identify Business Workers To top of page

For each role you can think of in the organization, identify a business worker. Give it a brief description.

To make sure you haven't missed any business workers, and that the ones you have are all "inside" of the part of the business you are modeling, walk through each business use case and state which business workers are involved in which steps.

For more information on business workers, see Guidelines: Business Worker.

Identify Business Entities To top of page

For each business worker, consider what "things" it handles to find what should be considered business entities.

To show how business entities need to "know of" one another, use associations (see Guidelines: Associations in the Business Object Model). Give the associations role names to clarify.

If business entities have clear whole-part relationships, show that with aggregation-relationships (see Guidelines: Aggregations in the Business Object Model).

If business entities are specializations or generalizations of one another, use generalization-relationships to show this (see Guidelines: Generalizations in the Business Object Model). It is often wise to wait to establish generalizations until after you have done some work on describing the business entities (see Activity: Detail a Business Entity).

Document the relationships in class diagrams (see Guidelines: Class Diagram in the Business Object Model).

Walk through the workflow of each business use case to make sure no business entities have been forgotten. Also, make sure that the ones you have identified are actually participating in a workflow.

For more information on business entities, see Guidelines: Business Entity.

Define Business Use-Case Realizations To top of page

For each business use case, create a business use-case realization in the business object model. The name for the business use-case realization should be the same as the associated business use case, and a trace dependency should be established from the business use-case realization to its associated business use case.

Identify which business workers and business entities participate in the execution of each business use case. They form the business use-case realization of the business use case.

Present the business workers and business entities of the business use-case realization in team-collaboration diagrams (see Guidelines: Collaboration Diagram in the Business Object Model. Show only those links that are needed to understand how the business workers and business entities perform in this business use-case realization workflow.

Instead of using a team-collaboration diagram, you could present the participating business workers and business entities in a sequence diagram (see Guidelines: Sequence Diagram in the Business Object model). A sequence diagram could also replace a completely textual description (as described in the following section). Use the sequence diagram only for workflows or parts of workflows that are complex, as it is often perceived as too detailed.

To clarify the meaning of the team-collaboration diagrams, you can describe the workflow of each business use-case realization in terms of its elements, the interacting business workers handling business entities. This is optional, and only adds value for more complex workflows or parts of workflows.

  • Start by describing the normal workflow of the business use-case realization.
  • When the normal workflow is described and relatively stable, start describing any alternative and optional workflows.
  • Define performance goals in terms of cost and lead times for business workers and business entities.

For more information on business use-case realizations, see Guidelines: Business Use-Case Realization.

Structure the Business Object Model To top of page

Analyze the lifecycle of each business entity. Each business entity should be created and removed by someone during the life of a business. Make sure that each business entity is accessed and used by a business worker or another business entity.

Reduce the number of workers. As you develop your models, it is likely that you will find too many workers. Often one, or more, per use-case realization. Make sure each business worker corresponds to a set of tasks one person typically would do, even though these tasks are split over more than one business use case.

Each business entity should have an owner, someone who is responsible for it. You can model this with an association from the business worker to the business entities the business worker is responsible for. Some business entities could be owned by people outside the business. Describe this in the brief description of the business entity.

Evaluate Your Results To top of page

Evaluate the business use-case realization workflow, the text and diagrams documenting it. One way to do this is to conduct a walkthrough. In a walkthrough, the person responsible for the business use-case realization leads a couple of members of the team through the business use-case realization workflow. Another technique is to perform role-playing, in which people act as business actors, business workers, and business entities.

See also checkpoints for business object model and business use-case realizations in Activity: Review Business Use-Case Model.

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